Gold Types and Grades: Types of Precious Metal

Gold has played an important role in human history, both materially and culturally, for thousands of years. The use of gold dates back to ancient times, and it has been used as currency, jewelry making, temple traditions and ritual items in various civilizations. Here are the evolution of gold and the important stages throughout history:


Ancient Periods and First Uses: Gold, B.C. The process was initiated as currency in ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indian valleys in the 4000s. Due to the increasing value of gold, rare problems and difficulties. It was also favored by the ancient Egyptians and Greeks for temples and ritual accessories dedicated to gods and the past.


Middle Ages and Gold Coinage Period: In the Middle Ages, gold was recorded as the official currency of many items, especially in Europe. During the gold coin era, kings and rulers symbolized their power and wealth by using gold coins bearing their own images. Gold also appeared in churches and armadas of noble families in the Middle Ages.


Gold Discoveries and the Discovery of America: Towards the end of the 15th century, the gold wealth of the Americas, especially South America, was largely missing from the worldwide gold trade. Gold relations increased the growth of the European economy while also playing an important role in colonization and communication with indigenous peoples.


Gold Standard and the Modern Era: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many countries based their currencies to adhere to the gold standard. However, this system was abandoned in most countries in the 20th century and gold was now used as an official currency. However, gold still continues to exist as a safe haven and investment tool with economic value.


Today, gold is still in demand throughout the world for jewelery systems, industrial uses and, of course, for other purposes. The history of gold is tightly integrated with humanity's rich cultural and economic past, making it valuable both materially and culturally.


Gold Types:

Yellow Gold: It is the most commonly known type of gold. It is colored by alloying it with other metals such as silver or copper.


White Gold: Obtained by mixing with metals such as silver, palladium or nickel. White gold, especially jewelry model, is preferred.


Red (Rose) Gold: It is a type of gold obtained by mixing it with copper. Rose gold has an elegant and romantic look.


Green Gold: The green color is achieved by alloying with silver, pieces or metals such as aluminum. However, this type of gold is rare and is usually used in special designs.


Gold Grades:

24 Karat Gold: It is pure gold and is not alloyed with other metals. This is the highest degree of purity, but because it is softer, you can benefit from its jewelry possibilities.


22 Carat Gold: 91.67% of the gold is pure and 8.33% is alloyed with other metals. It is a preferred quality for both jewelry and investment purposes.


18 Karat Gold: 75% of the gold is pure and the remaining part is alloyed with other metals. It is popular due to both its durability and aesthetic properties.


14 Karat Gold: 58.33% of the gold is pure and the remaining part is alloyed with other metals. Because it is harder, it is often used as jewelry.


10 Carat Gold: 41.67% of the gold is pure and alloyed with other metals. They are not stylish models, but are preferred for industrial use.

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